The process by which water moves around the earth, from the ocean to the atmosphere, to the land and back to the ocean is called “The Water Cycle”.
Global ocean circulation and how fresh water moves between the ocean and other reservoirs.
Water moves through the water cycle.
The process by which water circulates from the ocean, to the atmosphere, to the land, and then back to the ocean. Water on the ocean surface evaporates, can travel as cloud or vapour over land, fall as rain or snow, and then work its way back to the ocean through rivers, surface runoff, or as iceberg. In other words the ocean plays an important role in the water cycle. In fact 86% of all global evaporation and 78% of global precipitation occurs over the ocean.
The fuel for the process is provided by the planet prime energy source; the Sun. During the day the Sun heats up the air in the ocean surface causing water molecules to evaporate. Evaporation occurs when a liquid molecule of water escapes into the air as a gas. Condensation is a process by which water molecules cool, stick together and become liquid again in cloud formations.
When rain falls from clouds, it does not always arrive when and where it is useful to people. But what if we could control the weather and produce rain whenever and wherever we like? Well, the answer is WE CAN!
Massive water recovery and production start by drawing seawater into canals (manmade rivers), which are in fact half buried glass covered above and metal below tubes, by force of gravity flowing 100 miles or more inland into domes positioned in various part of a desert and surrounded by phalanx of solar concentrators focusing concentrated solar radiation on the domes.
The focused beam of light created by the concentrators is much, much stronger than normal sunlight. At its focal points it can produce the energy of 2,500 suns. There can also be reflective secondary concentrators added to the focus. The equivalent of up to 20,000 suns can then be produced. When refractive concentrators are added to the system to focus even more light, the intensity can equal an amazing 50,000 suns. Temperature rise very rapidly in solar domes, more than 1,832 F (1,000 C) per second.
The geodesic 3 hectares domes, 320 meter diameter, are made of heat absorbing glass and super heat conductive lattice shell of steel network and cauldrons which make them effectively boiling kettles.
Seawater rushes miles along the “tubes” heating up as they zig-zag along the way and into the cauldrons of the spherical structures filling up the buried (underground) part of the spheres. The on-going inflow of seawater keeps the cauldrons full and the superheated water constantly boiling and evaporating within the 3,664,883 cubic meter domes.
Steam rises to form condensation of distilled water which is precipitated rapidly down the inner surface of the domes and naturally pressured piped out and into reservoirs.
When concentrated brine is flushed back into the sea, it can destroy aquatic species, particularly those in the egg or immature phase. Brine at the bottom of the cauldrons is disposed of by piping it out far into desert reservoirs to evapotranspire.