If we could ever competitively, at a cheap rate, get freshwater from salt water, that would be in the long-range interests of humanity which would really dwarf any other scientific accomplishments. – President John F. Kennedy, 1962

The biggest challenges will be to reduce the cost of energy-intensive de-salinated water, reduce its reliance on fossil fuels, and ensure that it becomes an environmentally acceptable solutions by avoiding environmental damage from desalination.

MEETING TODAY'S CHALLENGE WITH BREAKTHROUGH DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY

Make everything as simple as possible, but not simpler - Albert Einstein

The purpose for the development of the simple double down-to-earth breakthrough disruptive technology based on the Principles of Applied Simplicity is to provide urgently needed infrastructures for Freshwater Resources for countries in regions of the world where freshwater shortages are becoming acute and water supply is no longer environmentally sustainable and therefore a serious constraint on their development.

High-temperature nuclear reactors may generate electricity and thermal output to desalinate seawater and produce volumes of freshwater for domestic, irrigation and industrial needs in countries economically developed enough to afford installing such facilities albeit with far-reaching ecological implications.

Proposals have been made to create systems of man-made rivers, canals and lakes to draw water from the Mediterranean and the Persian Gulf for nuclear powered desalinization plants along their banks and shores that could produce rates of freshwater flows equivalent to the discharge of the Nile.

THE PRINCIPLES OF APPLIED SIMPLICITY:

EVAPORATION, CONDENSATION, PRECIPITATION, WATER

The continuous circulation of water from the earth’s surface, to the atmosphere, - brought about by evaporation from surface water and by evapotranspiration (from soil and vegetation), giving rise to water vapour in the atmosphere which condenses,form clouds – and returns as precipitation back to the earth’s surface,swelling the oceans, seas, lakes and rivers or becoming ground water is a hydrological cycle that is becoming increasingly incapable of meeting populations’ needs where it is most needed through its natural processes due to expanding human activities and their impact on nature.

It is becoming rather clear that more and more regions of the world are facing serious water problems and because water is a natural resource that is unevenly distributed and therefore not a shared experience, freshwater scarcity as a source of conflict has hitherto not come to the fore of international concerns (conflicts and disputes are based more on environmental concerns over dam constructions and the damage they posed on livelihood and to the environment). But potential transboundary conflicts over freshwater have nevertheless entered into the political arena, and unless a solution is found will lead to armed conflict in areas on this planet where the populations are barely subsisting in a hostile condition of miserable filth, disease and squalor.

International organizations such as the U.N. go on about “the right of access to water is a fundamental human right” and that “It's imperative that the issue is addressed”. UNESCO Director General Koichiro Matsuura in a study reported that "Of all the social and natural crises we humans face, the water crisis is the one that lies at the heart of our survival and that of our planet Earth. " What are they going to do about it ? What have they positively done about it ?

Everyone complains about the predicament we face but no one has yet taken the trouble to find the solutions needed to make a feasible breakthrough. We have!

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NOT A CUTTING EDGE TECHNOLOGY, SIMPLY A BRILLIANTLY DISRUPTIVE IDEA!