Climate change is affecting traditional supplies, even while rapid population growth and industrial development are increasing demand. It is estimated that global demand for fresh water will exceed supply by 40% in 2030, due to a combination of climate change, human action and population growth.
Over one billion people lack access to water and almost a further 3 billion find it scarce for at least one month of the year, thousands are dying every day. Many of the world’s largest cities are in a situation of water stress, some critically so. It is a growing problem. In the poorer areas of the globe, children are literally dying due to lack of access to clean water.
Expanding populations, human activity and their impact on nature are having an increasingly negative impact on the availability of water, especially where water is most needed. It is becoming clearer that more and more regions of the world are facing serious water problems.
In the future, we will also start to see national and transboundary conflicts over freshwater supplies, armed conflict over water shortages and irreversible damage to marine life. There is a real and substantiated water crisis that is getting progressively worse.
global demand for fresh water will exceed supply by 40% in 2030
over a billion people already lack access to clean water
children die every day from having no fresh water
desalination plants, largely reliant on burning fossil fuels